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How to Perform Umrah

The Rites of Umrah
The only rites of Umrah are:

Entering the state of Ihram
Tawaf of Ka’bah
Sa’yee between the hills of Safa and Marwah
Shaving or clipping of the hair
Ihram For Umrah And Entering Masjid Al-Haram
Ihram : You should be already in Ihram for Umrah before entering Mecca as mentioned above.
Entering Masjid al-Haram : While reciting Talbiyah, enter Masjid al-Haram preferably through Bab Entrance to Grand Mosque as-Salam with right foot first. Supplicate to Allah and proceed towards Ka’bah. You may recite the following supplication which is usually used before entering a mosque:
Allah huma aftah li abwabe rahmate ka
First Sight : At the first sight of Ka’bah, keep your eyes fixed at Baitullah and standing at one side, it is suggested that you do the following:
Say Allahu Akbar three times
Say La Ilaha Illallah three times
Proclaim Darud on our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and very humbly and with tears in your eyes supplicate to Allah for whatever you wish. This is a special time for the acceptance of prayers.

The idea is to praise and glorify your Creator before proclaiming Darud and supplications. Therefore, in lieu of Allahu Akbar and La Ilaha Illallah, you may recite some other similar holy verses if you so desire.
After this, while uttering Talbiyah, move forward to perform Tawaf of Ka’bah.

Tawaf Of Umrah
Tawaf means circling around something . Here it means moving around Ka’bah seven times with extreme love and devotion.

Preparation : Pass the upper sheet of Ihram from underneath the right arm and put it on the left shoulder. This act bares the right shoulder and is known as Iztaba. Ablutions (vudu) is essential for tawaf. Reciting of Talbiyah is stopped when you reach Hajar-e- Aswad, the starting point of tawaf.
Niyyah (Intention) : Stand in front of Ka’bah facing Hajar-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) in such a way that the whole Hajre-e-Aswad is on your right side. To achieve this end, you may get help from the black stripe on the floor. This stripe should be on your right side. Then without raising your hands make Niyyah (intention) for Umrah:
“O Allah, I perform Tawaf of Umrah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.”

Istilam : Now moving towards right, come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss it if possible, or touch it with a stick and kiss the stick; if that also is not possible, raise your hands to your ears keeping your open Hajre Aswad (The Black Stone) palms towards Hajre-e-Aswad and say:
“Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd”

and drop your hands down. Now point the palms of your hands again towards Hajar-e- Aswad and kiss them. This act of kissing Hajar-e-Aswad or pointing towards it is called Istilam.
Tawaf Starts : After Istilam, turn right and start tawaf counter clockwise.

Warning
The authorities often apply perfume to Hajar-e-Aswad, Rukn Yamani and Multazam. If so, do not touch them while in the state of Ihram, otherwise a dum will be required as a penalty.
During tawaf, it is not permissible to face or turn your back towards Ka’bah except when you are kissing or pointing towards Hajar- e-Aswad.
Ramal : For the first three circuits of Tawaf of Umrah and Tawaf of Arrival, men are required to move their shoulders and walk with quick short steps. This act is called Ramal and is Sunnah. They walk normally during the remaining four circuits.
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